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What Are the Risks and Protector Factors for PTSD?

What are the risk and protector factors associated with PTSD disorder? Doctors can’t be certain why some people experience Post Traumatic Stress Disorder while others who may have experienced the same trauma-causing events do not. PTSD is defined as a Psychiatric Disorder (mental health condition) and extensive research has been conducted to find the contributing factors and causes.

You may be more at risk for PTSD if you have had:

  • Many traumatic experiences in your life that caused stress
  • The tendency for anxiety or depression to run in your family
  • A chemical imbalance in your brain that can affect the way your body reacts to stress
  • Your basic personality, as some people tend to be more optimistic and resilient than others


The fact that some people are more prone to PTSD doesn’t minimize the reality of certain risk factors make PTSD more common in certain walks of life. Working in an industry that often exposes you to trauma is one of these factors. For instance, Military personnel and paramedics may experience events that can cause PTSD more often than someone who works in an office environment.

Some of the other risk factors for PTSD are childhood abuse, a trauma early in life such as losing your parents or a close family member, drug or alcohol misuse, not having the support of friends or loved ones to help you through a tragic circumstance, and having a history of mental health problems.

The most often reported events that lead to PTSD are combat, sexual violence of some kind, assault with or without the threat of a weapon, or an accident such as a car wreck or plane crash.


Abundant research explains why some people are affected by PTSD, but there is also evidence of protective factors that guard against PTSD. Meaning, even with exposure to the same types of traumatic events, some people bounce back and continue with their lives, having few symptoms of PTSD, if at all.

Some of these protective factors which contribute to the resiliency of a person affected by trauma or tragedy include:

  • Facing stress head on, in a positive, healthy manner
  • Possessing good problem-solving traits
  • Not being afraid or ashamed to seek the help of a professional
  • Believing that you will be able to control your feelings and find ways to cope with the trauma, knowing you will “get past it”
  • Being able to talk about the traumatic event to others rather than hiding it
  • Turning the situation into something positive, such as participating in a charity involved with the particular type of trauma that you experienced
  • Being spiritual
  • Believing that you are a survivor instead of a victim
  • Having “positive thinking” characteristics about life, in general

Nurturing these protective factors and developing coping strategies can reduce the potential for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder to occur. A mental health professional can be valuable in helping you strengthen your coping skills in the event of trauma.


If you or someone you know is affected by PTSD, TMS Neuro Solutions can provide effective treatment with our breakthrough, 21st-Century Medicine techniques. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation has been approved for treating Depression by the FDA and has also significantly improved symptoms in PTSD cases. Contact TMS Neuro Solutions today and get on the road to building a more positive life for you or your loved one.